In 1949, when the army was abolished, the Costa Rican government pledged that the “army would be replaced with an army of teachers”. In Costa Rica, universal public education is assured in the constitution, and to this day literacy, with a historical rate of 94.9%, Costa Rica continues to have one of the highest rates in Latin America. Many options are available, in both private and public sectors, for the youth immigrating into the Community.
Costa Rica offers some of the best health care in Latin America and provides universal health care to its citizens and to their permanent residents. Both the private and public health care systems are continually being upgraded. New hospitals, new clinics, new machines, and improvement in staff and training are among the usual improvements. Medical tourism continues to be on the rise as its affordable and provides good quality care.
There are three large, private hospitals that most expatriates use: CIMA hospital in Escazú, Clinica Biblica in San José, and Hospital La Católica in San José-Guadalupe.
Costa Rica’s Social Security System, known as the Caja, is the country’s most-respected public institution, providing universal health-care coverage and some of the best health-care services in Latin America.